Johann Strauss (the elder) was an Austrian violinist, conductor and composer. He was born in Vienna the son of an innkeeper and self-taught musician who became a bookbinding apprentice at the age of 13, studying the violin in his spare time as well as playing in Michael Pamer's orchestra. He left Pamer when aged 15 to form a trio with Joseph Lanner, another member of the same orchestra. The trio quickly expanded to two string orchestras whereby both Strauss and Lanner established the class, true Viennese Waltz. In 1825 Strauss founded his own together with some of Lanner's musicians and by 1846 the Austrian Emperor created him "The 'Director of Music for the Imperial-Royal Court Balls". He wrote some 300 works including waltzes, polkas, etc. but today is chiefly famous for the "Radetzky March". Strauss toured widely within Europe visiting Great Britain in 1838 for celebrations of Victoria's coronation and again in 1849. The father of Johann Strauss
(the younger), Josef Strauss (1827-1870) and Edward Strauss (1835-1916), he died of scarlet fever, contracted from one of his seven illegitimate children.
For data housekeeping purposes he is listed in these webpages as the one-off composer of Austrian March Past