According to The New Penguin Dictionary of Music
, Igor [Federovich] Stravinsky was a Russian-born composer; also pianist, conductor and author of autobiographical and other writings. Pupil of Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
; left Russia 1914; lived mainly in Paris, naturalised French 1934; settled in USA, 1939, naturalised there 1945. Prodigiously successful and influential composer, initially winning fame with pre-1914 ballets. Later developed neo-classical tendency (compact forms, small forces, aversion from "emotion"), though the austerity of this was modified from the 1930's. Showed interest in jazz (e.g. in "The Soldier's Tale"); based ballet "Pulcinella" on music supposedly by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
; adopted a deliberate back-to-Wolfgang A. Mozart
style in opera "The Rake's Progress" (1951). Other works include "Symphony of Palms" (with chorus), "Dumbarton Oaks" Concerto, "Ebony Concerto" (for dance band); opera-oratorios "Oedipus Rex" and "Persephone"; ballets "Apollo Musagates", "Orpheus, "Agon', Mass. Notable rhythmic and harmonic innovator, but long adhered to tonality; however, from the choral-and-orchestral "Canticum sacrum" (Holy Canticle in Latin, for St Mark's, Venice), 1955, he adopted a 12-note technique indebted to Webern's. Later works included "Movements" for piano and orchestra; "Threni"; "The Flood"; "Sacred Ballet" (in Hebrew, on the biblical story of Abraham and Isaac) for baritone and small orchestra; "Elegy for J.F. Kennedy".