James Ryder Randall  (1839-1905)
Last updated: 01.02.24
James Ryder Randall was an American journalist and poet, born in Baltimore. He studied at Georgetown University failing to graduate. Despite this he was offered the chair of English literature at Poydras College in Pointe-Coupee, Louisiana after travelling in South America and the West Indies. Whilst teaching there and on hearing that Union troops had been fired on by angry citizens in Baltimore. [Abraham Lincoln had ordered General Benjamin Butler to occupy the Naval Academy at Annapolis with three regiments of union troops in order to protect Washington] This led him to believe that Maryland was about to join the Confederate cause and on learning that a classmate had been wounded, he immediately wrote his famous poem Maryland, my Maryland, which was published in the New Orleans "Sunday Delta" April 26, 1861. His poem was set to the old German traditional melody of "Lauriger Horatius" ("O, Tannenbaum"), the song achieving wide popularity in Maryland and throughout the South. Eventually Maryland, My Maryland was adopted as the State song of Maryland in 1939.
When the American Civil War ended Randall became a journalist holding many positions, eventually becoming the Washington correspondent for the Augusta "Chronicle". Randall wrote several other war poems including "The Gallant Pelham" and "The Sentinel" but "Maryland, My Maryland" remains his best-known work.
For data housekeeping purposes he is listed in these webpages as a one-off composer.
  Title (Release Year) Co-Author(s) Performers Issue
cylinder15.gif Maryland, My Maryland (1905) George Alexander Columbia Record: 32660
  Title (Release Year) Performers Instruments
     Performer CD Title Supplier
Ragtime Music CDs:
cd15.gif New Orleans Ragtime Orchestra Creole Belles CD(s) & MP3 Album(s) flag15us.gif flag15uk.gif flag15de.gif flag15fr.gif flag15ca.gif flag15it.gif flag15es.gif
Item Title Available €     £     $     Other
DBE219 Maryland, My Maryland (1861) - Celebrated Song of the Confederate States of America
T/T/B/B/GB(B). approx. 5½ mins.
1-2 days
     Title Instruments Remarks
sm15.gif Maryland, My Maryland (1861) T/T/B/B/GB(B)/V(OT) dbe15.gifwvicon.gif
This list is arranged in chronological order and contains 1 work by James Ryder Randall (1839-1905). It does not claim to be complete and represents only the number of items located. Keys: ER
Title Year Attribution Remarks